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Grammar Guide 22 - cApiTalizaTion


Myr

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This week we talk about when to capitalize and when not to (in grammar, not in money).

Capitalization is when you place the first letter of the word in uppercase and the rest of the letters in lowercase.

episode 2 book GIF

  • DO - First word of a sentence and every first word after a period, a question mark, or an exclamation point
  • DO - Proper nouns like "Statue of Liberty" 🗽 but DON'T capitalize "the" preceding the proper nouns like "the Statue of Liberty" 
  • DO - days of the week like "Friday", months of the year like "May", and holidays like "Easter"
  • DON'T - names of seasons like "summer" or "winter"
  • DO - names and nicknames such as "William" and "Bill"
  • DO - family relation names when used immediately preceding a proper name such as "Uncle Bill"
  • DO - names of brands, companies, associations and institutions such as colleges "Boston College uses Nike shoes"
  • DO - names of streets, roads, towns, cities, states, provinces, countries and landmarks such as "the Empire State Building is located in New York City, New York"
  • DON'T- words like "country" when used before the proper noun such as the country of Canada.
  • DO - titles when used before proper names or when used in place of the proper name such as "Captain Kirk, she's going to blow!"  "She's going to blow, Captain!"🖖
  • DON'T - titles that follow the proper noun or used instead of the name such as "James, the captain, sat in the center seat."
  • DON'T - titles that are used as descriptive instead of as part of the proper name such as "The captain, James Kirk, sat in the center seat."
  • DO - the first word in a quote if it forms a complete sentence such as: The author said, "This grammar guide is very helpful."
  • DON'T -the first word in a quote if it does not form a complete sentence such as: In the grammar article the author said that he types "about 60 words per minute."

 

  • References:
    • Kern, Jara. (2020). The Infographic Guide to Grammar. Adams Media
    • Venolia, Jan. (2001). Write Right! (4th ed.). Ten Speed Press

 

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8 hours ago, wildone said:

I usually capitalize them as for some reason I think that it is giving more respect to the group, but probably has no reality to it at all.

I go by the rule is it a title or name (though that may be one and the same 🤔). If the answer is no. then it is not capitalized. I think that’s the way to look at it.

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13 hours ago, wildone said:

I still struggle with this to be honest. But as you put it, if preceded by a possessive pronoun, it actually makes sense. Thanks for simplifying it for me Val ;) 

Another one I struggle with, and anyone who reads the weekly wrap up probably knows and are just too nice to point out, when do you capitalize a group or not? Such as, is it Authors or authors? Are we talking about Poets or poets? And then another one I use is Readers or readers (but I always know to spell @Reader1810 with a capital :P ). Any simple tricks on these ones? I usually capitalize them as for some reason I think that it is giving more respect to the group, but probably has no reality to it at all.

 

4 hours ago, Reader1810 said:

I go by the rule is it a title or name (though that may be one and the same 🤔). If the answer is no. then it is not capitalized. I think that’s the way to look at it.

Reader is right.  If it's a title or proper noun, such as Signature Author or Grand Poobah Site Wizard Myr, then it's capitalized.  Otherwise it's authors or poets.  

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